Muhammadu Buhari is the president of Nigeria since 2015. He is also a retired major general in the Nigerian Army. Also, he was once the head of state from 31st December 1983 to 27th August 1985.
In this article, we bring to you all you need to know about the president of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Having contested for the presidential seat on three different elections, 2003, 2007, and 2011, he was unsuccessful.
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However, on the fourth trial, he won on the APC platform, defeating then-incumbent and PDP candidate President Goodluck Ebele Jonathan.
President Muhammadu Buhari was born on the 17th of December 1942 in a Fulani family in Daura area of Katsina State. His parents’ names are Adamu and Zulaihat. Due to his father passing away when he was still small, he was raised by his mother in a very large family where he was the 23rd child.
He attended nursery and primary school in his homeland Daura before proceeding to the Katsina Model school in 1953. He moved to Katsina Provincial Secondary school and obtained his certificate from 1956 to 1961.
Muhammadu Buhari joined the Nigerian military, the Nigerian Army in 1961. First, he enrolled in the Nigerian Military Training College NMTC in 1961 at the age of 19 years.
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NMTC was later upgraded to the now known Nigerian Defence Academy on February 1964. Before the upgrade, Buhari was sent to the Mons Officer Cadet School Aldershot in England having completed the Platoon Commander training. There he trained between 1962 to 1963.
At the end of the training, he returned to Nigeria and was commissioned as Second Lieutenant and Platoon Commander, Second Infantry Battalion in Abeokuta, Ogun state. He also attended the Mechanical Transport Officer’s Course at Army Mechanical Transport School in Borden UK.
Furthermore, from 1965 to 1967, he was the Commander Second Infantry Battalion and later appointed as Brigade Major, Second Sector and First Infantry Division in the year 1967.
In 1970, he became a Brigade Major and Commandant of Thirty-first Infantry Brigade.
Some positions held at the military include
- Assistant Adjutant-General, First Infantry Division Headquarters (1971-1972).
- Attended Defence Service Staff College, Wellington India, 1973.
- Acting Director Transport and Supply at Nigerian Army Corps of Supply and Transport Headquarters.
Muhammadu Buhari was part of a popular ‘counter-coup’ group which was led by Lt-Col Murtala Muhammed. Other members were Major Theophilus Danjuma, Lt Ibrahim Bako, 2ndLt Sani Abacha, Lt Ibrahim Babangida. Together, they overthrew and assassinated then Nigeria’s first self-appointed Military head of state General Aguiyi Ironsi.
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It was tagged a counter-coup and July rematch because it is seen as a retaliation to a January coup by many Igbo officers such as Major Kaduna Chukwuma Nzeogwu who overthrew the prime minister Abubakar Tafawa Balewa.
The result of the counter-coup saw Buhari become the
- Governor of North-Eastern state (1st August 1975- 3rd February 1976.
- Governor of Borno State (3rd February 1976 to 15th March 1976.
Other positions held include
- Federal Commissioner (now Minister) for Petroleum and Natural Resources.
- Chairman Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) 1977
- Military Secretary at Army Headquarters
- Member Supreme Military Council
He attended the US Army War College in Carlisle Pennsylvania, gaining a Masters degree in Strategic Studies as a Colonel
As the General Officer Commanding Third Armored Division of His, he led the coup against President Shehu Shagari. This made Buhari head of state from 1983 to 1985. He was later overthrown in August 1985 by General Ibrahim Babangida.
Major-General Muhammadu Buhari is the 15th President of Nigeria from 29th May till date.
He has served as Nigeria’s head of state from 31st December 1983 to 27 August 1985 as a result of a successful military coup d’etat.
Having retired from the Army he has unsuccessfully run for the office of the president three times 2003, 2007 and 2011. In December 2014, he became the presidential candidate of the All Progressive Congress for March 2015 Elections.
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Muhammadu Buhari defeated then-incumbent president Dr. Goodluck Ebele Jonathan.
At the 2019 General Elections, president Muhammadu Buhari went for a second term in office under the APC party. Although he has not been sworn in as president, he emerged victorious in the 2019 General Elections.
Marriage and Family Life
Muhammadu Buhari married his first wife Safinatu Buhari who became the First Lady from December 1983 to August 1985.
Together the marriage produced five children: Zulaihat named in memory of his mother, Fatima, Musa (deceased), Hadiza and Safinatu Jr.
Muhammadu Buhari married his second wife Aisha Buhari, the current First Lady of Nigeria. Together they have five children namely Aisha, Halima, Yusuf, Zarah, and Amina.
President Muhammadu Buhari and his first wife divorced in 1988 prior to marrying Aisha. Also, Safinatu Buhari died on 14 January 2006 from Diabetes.
The president’s first daughter Zulaihat Junaid has also died from sickle cell anemia two days after her child delivery in a hospital in Kaduna.
Some awards received by Muhammadu Buhari include
- The Defence Service Medal (DSM)
- Forces Service Star (FSS)
- General Service Medal (GSM)
- Congo Medal (CM)
- Grand Commander of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (GCFR)
- Global Seal of Integrity
- Loyal Service and Good Conduct Medal (LSGCM)
President Muhammadu Buhari’s net worth is estimated at $110 million. However, at the time of his swearing-in, he declared his assets together with the vice-president and running mate Prof Osinbanjo.
- He owned 30 million Naira with the Union Bank.
- 5 homes and two mud houses in Daura
- Two undeveloped plots of land in Kano and Port Harcourt.
- An Orchard and a Ranch farm. He had 270 cattle, 25 sheep five horses, a variety of birds, a number of economic trees.
- He has some cars. Two of them were bought from his savings while others came from the Federal Government. Some others were donated by friends and well-wishers after his car was damaged by a Boko Haram bomb attack on his convoy July 2014.
- He also has shares in Berger Paints, Union Bank, Skye Bank.
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