AFRICAN COUNTRIES AND THEIR CAPITALS

The full list of African countries and their capitals is provided here for those interested in this information. Some other important information about each African country such as population, current President and so on are also covered.

For those asking how many countries in Africa, the African continent is made up of 54 officially recognized sovereign nations. The continent is often referred to as the motherland because it is believed that the first humans lived in Africa. Today, over 1.1 billion people reside on the continent, making it the second most populated continent. Africa accounts for about 16% of world’s human population and also has the youngest average population of all continents.

In terms of landmass, Africa is the second-largest continent covering an area of 11.7 million square miles (30.3 million km2). The north of Africa is the Mediterranean Sea, while the Red Sea, Isthmus of Suez both lie to its Northeast. To the Southeast of Africa lies the Indian Ocean while the Atlantic Ocean lies to its West.

Africa remains a very special continent for many reasons. It is a continent with a rich history. Despite the influence of colonization on the continent, many African tribes have managed to preserve their culture. The continent is blessed with numerous natural resources but poverty remains widespread on the continent. This is believed to be an aftereffect of European colonization of Africa.

Broadly, Africa is divided into 5 geographic regions namely Central Africa, East Africa, North Africa, South Africa, and West Africa. Each region is made up of several countries. The unbundling of Africa into countries in its present configuration is mostly as a result of colonization. There are 54 recognized countries in Africa, 8 territories, and 2 de facto independent states who enjoy limited recognition. Read on for more on the 54 African countries and their capitals.

List of African Countries and Capitals

Country                                                               Capital

Algeria                                                                 Algiers

Angola                                                                 Luanda

Benin                                                                     Porto-Novo

Botswana                                                            Gaborone

Burkina Faso                                                      Ouagadougou

Burundi                                                               Bujumbura

Cabo Verde                                                           Praia

Cameroon                                                             Yaounde

Central African Republic                                               Bangui

Chad                                                                     N’Djamena

Comoros                                                               Moroni

Congo Brazzaville                                                          Brazzaville

Congo Kinshasa                                                   Kinshasa

Cote d’Ivoire                                                        Yamoussoukro

Djibouti                                                                 Djibouti

Egypt                                                                               Cairo

Equatorial Guinea                                                           Malabo

Eritrea                                                                   Asmara

Eswatini (formerly Swaziland)                                     Mbabane (administrative), Lobamba (legislative, royal)

Ethiopia                                                                 Addis Ababa

Gabon                                                                    Libreville

Gambia                                                                  Banjul

Ghana                                                                    Accra

Guinea                                                                   Conakry

Guinea-Bissau                                                       Bissau

Kenya                                                                    Nairobi

Lesotho                                                                  Maseru

Liberia                                                                   Monrovia

Libya                                                                      Tripoli

Madagascar                                                            Antananarivo

Malawi                                                                   Lilongwe

Mali                                                                        Bamako

Mauritania                                                             Nouakchott

Mauritius                                                               Port Louis

Morocco                                                                Rabat

Mozambique                                                         Maputo

Namibia                                                                 Windhoek

Niger                                                                       Niamey

Nigeria                                                                    Abuja

Rwanda                                                                  Kigali

Sao Tome and Principe                                         São Tomé

Senegal                                                                   Dakar

Seychelles                                                               Victoria

Sierra Leone                                                                     Freetown

Somalia                                                                  Mogadishu

South Africa                                                                     Pretoria (administrative capital), Cape Town (legislative capital), Bloemfontein (judicial capital)

South Sudan                                                                     Juba

Sudan                                                                                Khartoum

Tanzania                                                                  Dodoma

Togo                                                                         Lomé

Tunisia                                                                    Tunis

Uganda                                                                     Kampala

Zambia                                                                     Lusaka

Zimbabwe                                                                 Harare

More On African Countries and Their Capitals

You will learn more about Africa’s 54 sovereign states here. For those asking who are the current Presidents of African countries, this section provides information on that.

  1. Algeria

Official Name: People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria

Region: North Africa

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Capital: Algiers

Total Area: 2,381,741 km2 (919,595 sq mi)

Current President: Abdelaziz Bouteflika ( Since 1999)

Population: 44 million

  • Angola

Official Name: Republic of Angola

Region: South Africa

Capital: Luanda

Total Area: 1,246,700 km2 (481,400 sq mi)

Current President: João Lourenço ( Since 2017)

Population: 31 million

  • Benin

Official Name: Republic of Benin

Region: West Africa

Capital: Porto Novo

Total Area: 114,763 km2 (44,310 sq mi)

Current President: Patrice Talon,(Since 2016)

Population: 12 million

  • Botswana

Official Name: Republic of Botswana

Region: South Africa

Capital: Gaborone

Total Area: 581,730 km2 (224,610 sq mi)

Current President: Mokgweetsi Masisi (Since 2018)

Population: 2.3 million

  • Burkina Faso

Official Name: Burkina Faso

Region: West Africa

Capital: Ouagadougou

Total Area: 274,200 km2 (105,900 sq mi)

Current President: Roch Marc Christian Kaboré (Since 2015)

Population: 21.5 million

  • Burundi

Official Name: Republic of Burundi

Region: East Africa

Capital: Bujumbura

Total Area: 27,834 km2 (10,747 sq mi)

Current President: Évariste Ndayishimiye (Since June 2020)

Population: 12 million

  • Cameroon

Official Name: Republic of Cameroon

Region: Central Africa

Capital: Yaounde

Total Area: 475,442 km2 (183,569 sq mi)

Current President: Paul Biya (Since 1982)

Population: 26.5 million

  • Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

Official Name: Republic of Cabo Verde

Region: West Africa

Capital: Praia

Total Area: 4,033 km2 (1,557 sq mi)

Current President: Jorge Carlos Fonseca (Since 2011)

Population: 600,000

  • The Central African Republic

Official Name: Central African Republic

Region: Central Africa

Capital: Bangui

Total Area: 622,984 km2 (240,535 sq mi)

Current President: Faustin-Archange Touadéra (Since 2016)

Population: 5 million

  1. Chad

Official Name: Republic of Chad

Region: Central Africa

Capital: Ndjamena

Total Area: 1,284,000 km2 (496,000 sq mi)

Current President: Idriss Déby (Since 1990)

Population: 14 million

  1. Comoros

Official Name: Union of the Comoros

Region: East Africa

Capital: Moroni

Land Mass: 1,861 km2 (719 sq mi)

Current President: Azali Assoumani (Since 2016)

Population: 860,000

  1. Congo–Brazzaville Official Name: Republic of the Congo

Region: Central Africa

Capital: Brazzaville

Total Area: 342,000 km2 (132,000 sq mi)

Current President: Denis Sassou Nguesso ( Since 1997)

Population: 5.3 million

  1. Congo–Kinshasa

Official Name: The Democratic Republic of the Congo

Region: Central Africa

Capital: Kinshasa

Total Area: 2,345,409 km2 (905,567 sq mi)

Current President: Félix Tshisekedi (Since 2019)

Population: 102 million

  1. Djibouti

Official Name: Republic of Djibouti

Region: East Africa

Capital: Djibouti

Total Area: 23,200[1] km2 (9,000 sq mi)

Current President: Ismaïl Omar Guelleh (Since 1999)

Population: 921,000

  1.  Egypt

Official Name: Arab Republic of Egypt

Region: North Africa

Capital: Cairo

Total Area: 1,010,408 km2 (390,121 sq mi)

Current President: Abdel Fattah el-Sisi (Since 2014)

Population: 100 million

  1. Equatorial Guinea

Official Name: Republic of Equatorial Guinea

Region: Central Africa

Capital: Malabo

Total Area: 28,050 km2 (10,830 sq mi)

Current President: Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (Since 1979)

Population: 1.3 million

  1.  Eritrea

Official Name: State of Eritrea

Region: East Africa

Capital: Asmara

Total Area: 117,600 km2 (45,400 sq mi)

Current President: Isaias Afwerki (Since 1991)

Population: 6.1 million

  1.  Eswatini (Swaziland)

Official Name: Kingdom of Eswatini

Region: South Africa

Capital: Lobamba (royal & legislature) and Mbabane (administrative)

Total Area: 17,364 km2 (6,704 sq mi)

Current President: Monarch – Mswati III, King of Swaziland (Since 1986)

Population: 1.1 million

  1. Ethiopia

Official Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

Region: East Africa

Capital: Addis Ababa

Total Area: 1,104,300 km2 (426,400 sq mi)

Current President: Sahle-Work Zewde (Since 2018)

Population: 110 million

  • Gabon

Official Name: Gabonese Republic

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Region: Central Africa

Capital: Libreville

Total Area: 267,667 km2 (103,347 sq mi)

Current President: Ali Bongo Ondimba (Since 2009)

Population: 2.2 million

  • The Gambia

Official Name: Republic of The Gambia

Region: West Africa

Capital: Banjul

Total Area: 10,689 km2 (4,127 sq mi)

Current President: Adama Barrow (Since 2017)

Population: 2.2 million

  • Ghana

Official Name: Republic of Ghana

Region: West Africa

Capital: Accra

Total Area: 239,567 km2 (92,497 sq mi)

Current President: Nana Akufo-Addo (Since 2017)

Population: 31 million

  •  Guinea

Official Name: Republic of Guinea

Region: West Africa

Capital: Conakry

Total Area: 245,857 km2 (94,926 sq mi)

Current President: Alpha Condé (Since 2010)

Population: 12.5 million

  • Guinea-Bissau

Official Name: Republic of Guinea-Bissau

Region: West Africa

Capital: Bissau

Total Area: 36,125 km2 (13,948 sq mi)

Current President: Umaro Sissoco Embaló (Since 27th February 2020)

Population: 1.9 million

  •  Ivory Coast (Côte d’Ivoire)

Official Name: Republic of Côte d’Ivoire

Region: West Africa

Capital: Yamoussoukro

Total Area: 322,463 km2 (124,504 sq mi)

Current President: Alassane Ouattara (Since 2010)

Population: 26.4 million

  •  Kenya

Official Name: Republic of Kenya

Region: East Africa

Capital: Nairobi

Total Area: 580,367 km2 (224,081 sq mi)

Current President: Uhuru Kenyatta (Since 2013)

Population: 47.5 million

  • Lesotho

Official Name: Kingdom of Lesotho

Region: South Africa

Capital: Maseru

Total Area: 30,355 km2 (11,720 sq mi)

Current President: Monarch – Letsie III, King of Lesotho (Since 1996)

Population: 2.1 million

  • Liberia

Official Name: Republic of Liberia

Region: West Africa

Capital: Monrovia

Total Area: 111,369 km2 (43,000 sq mi)

Current President: George Weah (Since 2018)

Population: 5.2 million

  • Libya

Official Name:

Region: North Africa

Capital: Tripoli

Total Area: 1,759,541 km2 (679,363 sq mi)

Current President: Presidency of Libya is currently disputed. Fayez al-Sarraj is Libya’s internationally recognised President but Aguila Saleh Issa also claims to be the nation’s President.

Population: 6.9 million

  • Madagascar

Official Name: Republic of Madagascar

Region: East Africa

Capital: Antananarivo

Total Area: 587,041 km2 (226,658 sq mi)

Current President: Andry Rajoelina (Since 2019)

Population: 26.3 million

  • Malawi

Official Name: Republic of Malawi

Region: East Africa

Capital: Lilongwe

Total Area: 118,484 km2 (45,747 sq mi)

Current President: Lazarus Chakwera (Since June 2020)

Population: 19.1 million

  • Mali

Official Name: Republic of Mali

Region: West Africa

Capital: Bamako

Total Area: 1,240,192 km2 (478,841 sq mi)

Current President: Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta (Since 2013)

Population: 20.2 million

  • Mauritania

Official Name: Islamic Republic of Mauritania

Region: West Africa

Capital: Nouakchott

Total Area: 1,030,000 km2 (400,000 sq mi)

Current President: Mohamed Ould Ghazouani (Since 2019)

Population: 4.4 million

  • Mauritius

Official Name: Republic of Mauritius

Region: East Africa

Capital: Port Louis

Total Area: 2,040 km2 (790 sq mi)

Current President: Prithvirajsing Roopun (Since 2019)

Population: 1.2 million

  • Morocco

Official Name: Kingdom of Morocco

Region: North Africa

Capital: Rabat

Total Area: 446,550 km2 (172,410 sq mi)

Current President: Monarch – Mohammed VI, King of Morocco (Since 1999)

Population: 36.5 million

  • Mozambique

Official Name: Republic of Mozambique

Region: East Africa

Capital: Maputo

Total Area: 801,590 km2 (309,500 sq mi)

Current President: Filipe Nyusi (Since 2015)

Population: 30 million

  • Namibia

Official Name: Republic of Namibia

Region: South Africa

Capital: Windhoek

Total Area: 825,615 km2 (318,772 sq mi)

Current President: Hage Geingob (Since 2015)

Population: 2.7 million

  •  Niger

Official Name: Republic of The Niger

Region: West Africa

Capital: Niamey

Total Area: 1,267,000 km2 (489,000 sq mi)

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Current President: Mahamadou Issoufou (Since 2011)

Population: 22.5 million

  • Nigeria

Official Name: Federal Republic of Nigeria

Region: West Africa

Capital: Abuja

Total Area: 923,769 km2 (356,669 sq mi)

Current President: Muhammadu Buhari (Since 2015)

Population: 207 million

  • Rwanda

Official Name: Republic of Rwanda

Region: East Africa

Capital: Kigali

Total Area: 26,338 km2 (10,169 sq mi)

Current President: Paul Kagame (Since 2000)

Population: 12.4 million

  • Sao Tome and Principe

Official Name: Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe

Region: Central Africa

Capital: Sao Tome

Total Area: 1,001 km2 (386 sq mi)

Current President: Evaristo Carvalho (Since 2016)

Population: 211,000

  •  Senegal

Official Name: Republic of Senegal

Region: West Africa

Capital: Dakar

Total Area: 196,712 km2 (75,951 sq mi)

Current President: Macky Sall (Since 2012)

Population: 16 million

  •  Seychelles

Official Name: Republic of Seychelles

Region: East Africa

Capital: Victoria

Total Area: 459 km2 (177 sq mi)

Current President: Danny Faure (Since 2016)

Population: 98,000

  • Sierra Leone

Official Name: Republic of Sierra Leone

Region: West Africa

Capital: Freetown

Total Area: 71,740 km2 (27,700 sq mi)

Current President: Julius Maada Bio (Since 2018)

Population: 7.1 million

  •  Somalia

Official Name: Federal Republic of Somalia

Region: East Africa

Capital: Mogadishu

Total Area: 637,657 km2 (246,201 sq mi)

Current President: Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed (Since 2017)

Population: 15.9 million

  • South Africa

Official Name: Republic of South Africa

Region: South Africa

Capital: Pretoria (executive), Bloemfontein (judiciary), and Capetown (legislative)

Total Area: 1,221,037 km2 (471,445 sq mi)

Current President: Cyril Ramaphosa (Since 2018)

Population: 60 million

  • South Sudan

Official Name: Republic of South Sudan

Region: North Africa

Capital: Juba

Total Area: 619,745 km2 (239,285 sq mi)

Current President: Salva Kiir Mayardit (Since 2005)

Population: 13 million

  • Sudan

Official Name: Republic of the Sudan

Region: North Africa

Capital: Khartoum

Total Area: 1,886,068 km2 (728,215 sq mi)

Current President: Sudan is in a transitional phase with a Sovereignty Council currently handling affairs of the country. Abdel Fattah al-Burhan is the Chairman of the Sovereignty Council of Sudan.

Population: 41.6 million

  • Tanzania

Official Name: United Republic of Tanzania

Region: East Africa

Capital: Dar es Salaam (traditional capital) and Dodoma (location of the legislature)

Total Area: 947,303 km2 (365,756 sq mi)

Current President: John Magufuli (Since 2015)

Population: 56.5 million

  • Togo

Official Name: Togolese Republic

Region: West Africa

Capital: Lome

Total Area: 56,785 km2 (21,925 sq mi)

Current President: Faure Gnassingbe (Since 2005)

Population: 8.6 million

  • Tunisia

Official Name: Republic of Tunisia

Region: North Africa

Capital: Tunis

Total Area: 163,610 km2 (63,170 sq mi)

Current President: Kais Saied (Since 2019)

Population: 11.7 million

  • Uganda

Official Name: Republic of Uganda

Region: East Africa

Capital: Kampala

Total Area: 241,038 km2 (93,065 sq mi)

Current President: Yoweri Museveni (Since 1986)

Population: 43 million

  • Zambia

Official Name: Republic of Zambia

Region: East Africa

Capital: Lusaka

Total Area: 752,618 km2 (290,587 sq mi)

Current President: Edgar Lungu (Since 2015)

Population: 17.5 million

  • Zimbabwe

Official Name: Republic of Zimbabwe

Region: East Africa

Capital: Harare

Total Area: 390,757 km2 (150,872 sq mi)

Current President: Emmerson Mnangagwa (Since 2017)

Population: 16.2 million

Conclusion (African Countries and Their Capitals)

The continent of Africa is divided into 54 nations. The capital of each country and other relevant information like the current President, have been discussed in this post. Now you know how many countries are there in Africa and their capitals.

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